«The environment of the country is an investment in future generations.»
President of Ukraine
a well-known ecologist in Transcarpathia
The deforestation in the floodplains and the drainage of peat land, swamps and natural water lakes that have happened during the past decades have significantly increased the risk of floods in the region as well as downstream of the Tysa river in the Hungarian Danube basin. Moreover, the preservation of these forests is crucial for the survival of endangered species and habitats in the Ukrainian Carpathians. According to Bohdan Prots, an expert in Carpathian ecology, the creation of a nature conservation zone combined with the development of an ecological form of tourism is the only way to effectively mitigate the risk of floods in populated areas.
A recent study by Prykhodko (2017) concludes that the existing anti-flood measures in the region are not sufficient. Although floods in the Carpathian region of Ukraine have cost the state 8 billion UAH (approx. 300 million USD), there is still no effective flood management for the major rivers of the region, such as the Tysa. As a result, downstream villages like Lophukovo and Chorna Tysa are at high risk from avalanches, landslides and floods. At the same time, the increasing soil erosion caused by the massive deforestation leads to water shortages in the villages.